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Transit Oriented Development

Development Trends Along Transit - 2023

The success of a region depends in part on the quality of its connections. Together, robust high frequency transit and Transit Oriented Development efficiently tie housing, jobs, shopping, and more. Recognizing this, the TOD office studied the patterns of permitted and planned developments in the Twin Cities, with a focus on those developments along high frequency transit.

Permitted development value fell in 2020, both near high frequency transit (down 33%) and in the region generally (down 19%). In 2022, permit values hit $6.1 billion in the region generally, and $2.4 billion in areas near high frequency transit, exceeding 2019 levels. Permits issued for projects near high frequency transit saw a 43% increase in 2021 over permits issued in 2020 – in the region generally, the percent increase was 23%. In 2022, areas near high frequency transit saw a 35% increase over 2021 permit values, compared to 21% for the region as a whole. Together, the growth indicated by permit values year-over-year since 2020 suggests that development near high frequency transit is recovering faster than in the region generally.

This report reveals that $16.4 billion in development has been permitted along high frequency transit between 2009 and 2022, including:

  • 43% of the region’s multifamily development by permit value
    • 55,200 multifamily units
  • 42% of the region’s commercial development
  • 31% of the region’s public and institutional development
  • 5% of the region’s industrial development

A further $10.8 billion in development is planned along high frequency transit, representing 70% of the currently planned development for the region. This new development will add another 36,900 multifamily units, nearly doubling the number of residences with immediate access to high frequency transit.

View the full report here.

Property Value Tax Analysis

In 2023, the TOD office also began an analysis of property tax values near high frequency transitways in the region. This analysis was shared with the Metropolitan Council (view meeting video here) and will be shared through a web application, currently under development.

The property tax value analysis found that parcels near high frequency transit account for just 2% of the taxable parcels in the region but generate over 25% of the region’s property tax revenue. Tax revenue from properties within ¼ mile of transit increased much faster than properties further from transit and this increase is heavily driven be new infill development.

The following exhibits show 3D mapping of property tax values over time near different transit lines. Simply scroll through the documents to see property tax value over time.

About the TOD Office

Metro Transit TOD is a one-stop shop for developers and urban planning professionals interested in pursuing or advancing Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in the Twin Cities.

The Metro Transit TOD Office is a branch of the Metropolitan Council and was founded in coordination with the region’s TOD Policy. As part of this policy, the TOD Office works to advance the following goals in all of our work:

1. Maximize the development impact of transit investments by integrating transportation, jobs and housing.

2. Support regional economic competitiveness by leveraging private investment.

3. Advance equity by improving multimodal access to opportunity for all.

4. Support a 21st century transportation system through increased ridership and revenues.

Questions? Please contact the TOD Office.

How can the TOD Office help you?

The TOD Office offers expertise, resources and connections to the Twin Cities and national TOD network.

We strive to be a resource for any TOD-related question or project, large or small, and will connect you to the right property owner, funding opportunities or organization to get you what you need. Additionally, the TOD Office is also equipped to help with:

Resources for TOD planning professionals

If you are a local planner seeking assistance with integrating TOD into your comprehensive plan; understanding the roles of the various levels of government involved in planning and implementing TOD; or in search of local case studies, initiatives and lessons learned; take a look at the Metropolitan Council TOD Guide and related resources.

Welcome to Metro Transit TOD! Click below to learn how WE can help YOU.

What is TOD?

TOD is walkable urban development supported by high quality, frequent transit service. TOD includes a mix of housing, retail, employment, retail and recreational choices, allowing people to live and work in vibrant places with less dependence on a personal car.

TOD plays a vital role in maximizing the impact of transit investments, increasing regional competitiveness and advancing equity and health.

Green Line light rail train A Line bus at 46th Street Station

Contact us

[email protected]

Michael Krantz, PE,

Senior Manager

Clayton Watercott
Planner - GIS

Amy Yoder

Margaret Perez
Senior Project Manager

Jason Schmidt
Senior Project Manager